November 5-7, 2015
The DWEP course “Movement Disorders” was held in November 5-7, 2015, in Astana, the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The host hospital was the National Center of Neurosurgery (NCN), which has 3 years of experience in movement disorders surgery.
The faculty included top European experts in movement disorders: Joaquim Ferreira (Lisbon, Portugal); Eduardo Tolosa (Barcelona, Spain); Angelo Antonini (Milan, Italy); Olivier Rascol (Toulouse, France); and Pille Taba (Tartu, Estonia).
About 70 participants were expected to attend from over the country but the total number of delegates was 180 including doctors from NCN.
The course was opened by the Course Director Prof. Serik Akshulakov who expressed his gratitude about the very high level of the faculty and wished a great success.
The first day focused on parkinsonism including lectures on Parkinson disease, its clinical features and treatment. Dr. Chingiz Shashkin as neurosurgeon made a presentation about surgical approaches to treat Parkinson's disease. The most outstanding event of this day was the video session where the faculty presented very interesting cases and their explanations about them.
The second day was focused on atypical parkinsonism and hyperkinetic disorders. The faculty shared their great experiences about how to differentiate each disease and treat it successfully. The video session was again a great success, demonstrating cases to illustrate previous educational lectures.
The third day was planned for patient consultations as an educational activity for our participants. The classical approach for patient examination was demonstrated by the faculty, and the cases were discussed very carefully and practically. The participants were happy to receive knowledge on how to perform the neurological evaluation of patients with movement disorders. Altogether there were 11 patients who participated.
This course was successful and that has been expressed in feedback from participants. The course was additionally supported by the unrestricted educational grant from the Eurasian Medical Association and Teva.
Contributed by Chingiz Shashkin, MD, PhD
September 11-13, 2015
On September 11-13, 2015, the MDS Developing World Educational Program (DWEP) entitled “Clinical Difficulties in Diagnosis and Treatment of Movement Disorders" took place. It was a main part of a regional neurological conference organized by the Russian National Society of Parkinson's Disease and other Movement Disorders, Department of Neurology of the Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, and the Pacific Medical University of Vladivostok.
The conference brought together leading experts of the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society from Germany, Italy, and Estonia, as well as specialists in Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders from Moscow, Vladivostok, Tomsk, and Irkutsk. There were 129 neurologists from different regions of Russia who took part in this educational course.
On the first day of this course, difficulties of early diagnosis of different movement disorders were explored, including: Parkinson's disease, atypical parkinsonism, Huntington's disease, different types of tremor, and dystonia. The next day was devoted to the modern options of treatment of early and late stages of Parkinson's disease and a video session about difficulties in diagnosing clinical cases.
A lecture given by Prof. Guenther Deuschl explored the “Tremor World” and was informative and enthralling. Prof. Angelo Antonini gave an exciting talk about optimal approaches to the diagnosis of atypical parkinsonism, and difficulties of effective and safe therapy selection in advanced PD. Prof. Pille Taba gave a graceful presentation devoted to early diagnosis and treatment of PD. Synergism or random co-existence of parkinsonism and cerebrovascular diseases were discussed by Prof. Oleg Levin. In addition to the international educational program, there were several scientific and practical symposiums devoted to management of non-motor aspects of movement disorders and problems of continuous dopaminergic stimulation and combination therapy of Parkinson's disease.
Non-motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease were one of the most discussed topics, including affective, cognitive, autonomic, sensory and sleep disorders. Prof. Illarioshkin reported on the most actual methods of early diagnosis of Parkinson's disease, based on a study of smell disturbances, color vision, gastrointestinal tract dysfunction, affective disorders, and REM sleep behavioral disorder, as well as the results of ultrasound scans of substantia nigra and other modern methods of functional neuroimaging. Prof. Levin's report was devoted to the problem of psychotic disorders in Parkinson's disease, their frequency, structure, pathogenesis, predisposing and precipitating factors, and their influence on the prognosis and treatment strategy.
In addition, the epidemiology of Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders in various regions of Russia was discussed, including the need to establish specialized centers for movement disorder patients, and the creation of registers and protocols of patients with movement disorders management.
This MDS educational course and the conference as a whole were successful and received high marks from the audience. The modern approach for diagnosis and treatment of Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders benefited practical neurologists. The conference also showed the relevance for collaboration between MDS and Russian specialists on movement disorders.
Contributed by Oleg Levin, MD, PhD, DSc
May 20-21, 2015
With the cooperation of Amis du Mouvement Anormal (AMA), the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society (MDS) has organized in Morocco the third teaching course granted to Maghrebian neurologists (Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco). The two-day teaching course sessions were held in Casablanca from May 20-21, 2015 with 110 participants.
The first day was an opportunity to discuss psychogenic movement disorders and present several video cases. During the second day, the topics discussed were diverse and included: Dementia in parkinsonism, Cortico-Basal Syndromes, Giles de la Tourette disease, cerebellar ataxia, Huntington's disease, Wilson's disease and other rare movement disorders. The course was a great success as evidenced by the large number of participants and expert speakers.
The course concluded with the distribution of MDS-ES diplomas for participants in all three teaching courses: Fes (2013), Rabat (2014) and Casablanca (2015). We thank the European Section of the MDS to have chosen Morocco for the organization of these courses. The scientific contribution to the theory and practice was considerable and neurologist participants, especially the young among them were very satisfied. Finally, we hope to continue this collaboration with MDS by organizing other training seminars in Morocco.
Contributed by Hicham El Otmani
Secretary General of AMA
Colombo, Sri Lanka
November 16-18, 2012
The 6th Annual Academic and Scientific Meeting of the Association of Sri Lankan Neurologists was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka from November 16-18, 2012. The meeting was attended by around 140 registrants and faculty, including local consultant neurologists and neurophysiologists, general physicians, and trainees in neurology, paediatric neurology, clinical neurophysiology and general medicine. Attendees were predominantly from Sri Lanka but also included registrants and faculty from India, Pakistan, Japan, Australia, the USA and United Kingdom.
The program featured local and international faculty including world-renowned experts in multiple sclerosis and demyelination, motor neuron disease, epilepsy, and neurogenetics. The movement disorders faculty was represented by Professor Lesley Findley and Dr William Gibb from the United Kingdom, Dr Yasayaki Okuma from Japan, Dr Louis Tan from Singapore and myself from Australia, supported by the MDS Ambassador Program. Topics covered included Parkinson's disease, atypical parkinsonism, tremor, and paroxysmal movement disorders as well as an interactive video session with cases shown by faculty and discussed with audience participation.
Sri Lanka has around 40 consultant neurologists, all practicing in general neurology but a few with an interest in Parkinson's disease and movement disorders.
The ability to participate in this meeting enhanced movement disorders education in Sri Lanka and reinforced the commitment that The Movement Disorder Society has to promoting knowledge and care of patients with movement disorders in developing countries, building on the success of the MDS Basic Movement Disorders Course which was supported by the MDS Visiting Professor Program in 2011, allowing Prof Lim Shen Yang from Malaysia and Prof. David Williams from Australia to attend. As a result, most of the Sri Lankan neurologists are waived dues members of MDS.
Contributed by Victor Fung, MBBS, PhD, FRACP
November 22-24, 2012
Dr. Walter S. Díaz and the Pan American Section of MDS organized the Symposium of Movement Disorders as part of the Central America XV meeting of Neurology, which was held in Managua, Nicaragua on November 22-24, 2012. It marked the first MDS-PAS meeting in the Central American region. The program was attended by 220 participants including neurologists from Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica and Panama.
This Symposium focused on continuing the medical education of young neurologists and neurologists from different countries of Central America, including internal medicine, neurosurgeons, residents and medical students of Nicaragua. The ambassador from MDS was Dr. Irene Litvan who gave three lectures: Errores más comunes en el diagnostico de la enfermedad de Parkinson, Demencia Frontotemporal y actualidades en la enfermedad corticobasal.
The organizers, Dr. Walter S. Díaz and The Nicaraguan Society of Neurology, would like to thank MDS and the Ambassador for their support in organizing this Symposium.
Contributed by Walter S. Díaz, MD
October 11-13, 2012
Since 2010, the Parkinson and Movement Disorders Program of Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín, depending on the University of Buenos Aires, has been seeking to foster the knowledge about prevention, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation and new therapeutic perspectives of movement disorders in regions of the country (Argentina) where the development of this specialty is currently scarce. This initiative to promote the training of human resources in this sub-specialty was started with a successful experience in the province of Santiago del Estero in 2011.
Mendoza was the chosen venue for the II International Symposium on Movement Disorders, which took place October 11-13, 2012. It was sponsored by the Ambassador Program of the Pan-American Section of The Movement Disorder Society. The MDS Ambassadors were Dr. Peter A. LeWitt and Dr. María del Rosario Luquín. The pair conducted conferences for a large number of neurologists and neurosurgeons (150) about Biomarkers in Parkinson’s Disease and New Perspectives of Cell and Gene Therapy for PD, respectively.
The academic body in charge of giving this symposium was made up by 50 renowned neurology and neurosurgery professors from Latin America, Europe and the United States, outstanding among which are:
- ARGENTINA - Dr. María Alejandra Carrasco, Dr. Cristina Pecci, Dr. Jorge Bajuk, Dr.Liliana Barg, Dr. María Elena Giuntini, Dr.Leticia López, Dr. Adriana Ziliotto, Dr. Guillermo Zeppa, Dr. Jorge Mandolesi, Dr. Rolando Giannaula, Dra. Graciela Cersósimo, Dr. Fabián Cremaschi, Dr. Roberto Iérmoli, Dr. Claudia Uribe Roca, Dr. Gabriela B. Rayna, Dr. Diana Muzio, Dr. Alejandro Pellene, Dr. Juan Carlos Giugni, Dr. Cristian Calandra, Dr. Ricardo Maiola, Dr. Mariana Moreno, Dr. Daniela Calvo, Dr. Eugenia Randich Montaldi, Dr. Sebastián Casas, Dr. Sebastián Rauek, Dr. Claudia Perandones and Dr. Federico Micheli
- BRAZIL - Dr. Denise Hack Nicaretta, Dr. Vanderci Borges, Dr. Ana Rosso, Dr. Mauro Gómez de Araujo
- CHILE - Dr. Carlos Juri
- FRANCE - Prof. Dr. Frederic Sedel
- GERMANY - Prof. Dr. Bernhard Landwehrmeyer
- ITALY - Prof. Dr. Lucrecia Vega Gramunt
- MEXICO - Dr. Carlos Zuñiga Ramírez, Dr. José Damián Carrillo Ruiz
- PARAGUAY - Dr. José Cortti
- PERU - Dr. Luis Torres, Dr. Pilar Mazetti, Dr. Miriam Velez, Dr.Nicanor Mori
- SPAIN - Prof. Dr. María Trinidad Herrero Ezquerro, Prof. Dr. María del Rosario Luquín
- UK - Charles Sabine
- URUGUAY - Dr. Elena Dieguez
- USA - Dr. Peter A. LeWitt, Dr. Ignacio Fernández Mata, Dr. Cristina Sampaio, Dr. Ignacio Muñoz-SanJuan, Dr. María Beconi.
- VENEZUELA - Dr. Ernesto Solís Añez
The topics discussed during the symposium included a complete, thorough description of diagnostic criteria and therapy updates for all pathologies related to movement disorders, such as: Parkinson’s Disease, Parkinsonisms, primary and secondary dystonias, tics, myoclonus, drug-induced movement disorders, psychogenic movement disorders, choreas, movement disorders secondary to metabolic diseases, etc.
The development of the symposium included keynote lectures and also workshops with an active participation by both professionals and patients, such as:
- Workshop: “Using Botulinum Toxin in the Treatment of Movement Disorders,” with the participation of Prof. Ana Rosso and Prof. Mauro Gómez de Araujo, both from Brazil.
- Workshop on Quality of Life with Parkinson’s Disease, Co-chaired by Dr. María Alejandra Carrasco and Dr. Cristina Pecci with the participation of Prof. Lucrecia Vega Gramunt (Italy).
- Workshop on Neurosurgery and Neuromodulation in Movement Disorders, with the outstanding participation of Prof. José Damián Carrillo-Ruiz (Mexico).
Also, a large number of activities took place in connection to Huntington’s disease, which included: A Huntington’s Disease Module, comprising sessions devoted to ENROLL HD with conferences given by Prof. Cristina Sampaio and Prof. Bernhard Landwehrmeyer, and conferences about new therapeutic perspectives, given by Prof. María Beconi and Prof. Ignacio Muñoz SanJuan. There was also a Meeting of Families with Huntington’s disease in Latin America, with the participation of representatives of Associations of Families from Venezuela, Chile, Brazil, Peru, Colombia, and Argentina.
On October 10, before the symposium started, a course was given to train young professionals in the area of Movement Disorders in the Mendoza University Hospital, as well as a Science Dissemination Workshop. It was aimed at creating awareness about the relevance of correctly using resources in the Health area, specifically in the problem area of movement disorders. It was attended by representatives from prestigious local, national and international media, among them Prof. María Trinidad Herrero Ezquerro (Spain) and NBC’s correspondent and producer Charles Sabine (UK).
“We have achieved our goals and will continue to work tirelessly to improve the quality of life of individuals affected by movement disorders in Latin America,” declared Dr. Federico Micheli, president of the meeting, in his closing speech.
Contributed by Federico Micheli, MD
San Salvador, El Salvador
From 2009-2011 the Medical Board of “Asociación de Ciencias Neurológicas de El Salvador” (ACNES) aimed to develop an educational program for “non-neurologist” health practitioners (family medicine, specialists, paramedics, students, nurses and other health care personnel). Through these courses they provide participants with updates on diagnostic and therapeutic advances of the most common neurological diseases in daily practice to promote early diagnosis, prevention and proper treatment to such diseases.
This year, San Salvador, El Salvador was host to the First Course on Movement Disorders for Non-neurologists, the Second National Course on Practical Neurology for Non-neurologists and the Symposium for Caregivers, Family and Persons with Parkinson's Disease. There were 381 neurologists, neurosurgeons, health care personnel and Parkinson’s disease patients who attended El Salvador’s first Ambassador Program of The Movement Disorder Society - Pan American Section on May 19-21, 2011. Dr. Jorge Luis Juncos, MD (MDS Ambassador) discussed important topics in Parkinson’s disease, movement disorders and other neurological diseases common in daily practice.
The symposium began with a lecture on the “Role of Neurosurgery and DBS in the Management of Parkinson’s Disease” (Mechanism, patient selection and results) by Dr. Jorge Juncos (MDS Ambassador), followed by “Clinical Cases of DBS on the First 3 Patients in El Salvador” by Dr. Luis Ernesto González Sánchez (El Salvador), “Dystonias: Diagnosis, Treatment and Therapeutic Botulinum Toxin Uses in Neurology” by Dr. Ricardo López-Contreras (El Salvador), and “Tremors: Diferential Diagnosis and Treatment” by Dr. Ernesto Cornejo Valse (El Salvador).
Other neurological diseases were discussed by local Salvadorian doctors and the engineer Antonio Contreras Hernandez, president of the “Asociación Parkinson de El Salvador”, who spoke about his personal experience in ¨Learning to Live with Parkinson’s Disease.” Later, Dr. Jorge Luis Juncos (MDS Ambassador) discussed “Parkinson’s Disease: Evolution and Treatment. Patient-centered Perspective” and ended the conference with a panel discussion for all participants and faculty.
In addition to the symposium, a press conference was held to publicize the importance of health education in Parkinson’s disease and other movement disorders for health care practitioners and the general population. ACNES hoped to promote early diagnosis and better care of these patients through their message to major print, television and radio media in the area.
Photo, top right (Left to right): Dr. Ernesto Cornejo, Dr. Jorge Luis Juncos (MDS Ambassador), Dr. Ricardo López-Contreras
Photo, above (Left to right): Dr. Ricardo López- Contreras (President of “Asociación de Ciencias Neurológicas de El Salvador), Prof. Jorge L. Juncos (Ambassador-Movement Disorder Society-Pan American Section), and Ing. Antonio Contreras Hernández (President of “Asociación Parkinson de El Salvador” speak with members of the media.
Contributed by Ricardo López-Contreras, MD
December 3-4, 2010
The Society of Neurologists of Bangladesh organizes International Neurology Seminar biannually and this year it was held at the Dhaka Sheraton Hotel, Dhaka, Bangladesh, on December 3-4. The first day of the seminar focused on Movement Disorders and international speakers and experts were invited to speak on different topics.
This year, dystonia and its management was highlighted and discussed. Prof. Heinz Reichmann from Germany and Prof. Mohit Bhatt from India were the two international speakers. They were sponsored by The Movement Disorder Society - Asian & Oceanian Section (MDS-AOS) under the Ambassador Program.
Prof. Heinz Reichman spoke on the diagnosis and management of Dystonia and Prof. Mohit Bhatt's topic was Phenomenology of Dystonia and Secondary Dystonias. Both the lectures were very informative.
The session was interactive and the video clips shown by the speakers were well appreciated. The knowledge of the participants was enriched through the discussion on the topics. The seminar was well attended with 150 participants, consisting mainly of neurologists and residents in neurology.
We are thankful to the MDS-AOS, especially to the chair Prof. Bhim Singhal and to Catherine Breckenridge, MDS staff liaison, for their support.
Contributed by N.B. Bhowmik, MBBS, MD
Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
May 21-23, 2010
The annual congress of the Malaysian Society of Neurosciences (MSN) was held in Kota Kinabalu (Sabah, Malaysia) from May 21-23, 2010. The major theme for this year’s congress was Movement Disorders. A panel of international and local Movement Disorders experts were invited to speak on a wide range of topics. The congress was well-attended, with about 300 participants, consisting mostly of neurologists and neurology trainees.
We were extremely fortunate to have Prof. Mohit Bhatt from Mumbai, India and Prof. Kailash Bhatia from London, UK, as the main speakers. Prof. Mohit Bhatt’s visit was sponsored by The Movement Disorder Society, under the Ambassador Program. He gave three superb lectures on Wilson's disease, Oromandibular dyskinesia, and Movement Disorders Emergencies, and together with Prof. Bhatia provided stimulating discussion of cases presented by local neurologists during the “Video Rounds” session. The depth of the invited speakers’ experience and knowledge was very evident to all present, and we are very appreciative of the useful knowledge gained during the three-day conference.
The congress organizers are also very grateful to The Movement Disorder Society, and to Prof. Bhim Singhal, Dr. Louis Tan and Ms. Catherine Breckenridge for the generous support provided.
Contributed by LIM Shen-Yang, MBBS, MD, FRACP
March 19-20, 2010
The Fourth Seminar on Parkinson’s Disease was held in Puebla, Mexico March 19-20, 2010, at the Puebla Convention Center. The two-day seminar was attended by 210 physicians, neurologists, neurosurgeons, medical students, nurses, psychologists and rehabilitation therapists.
The Seminar was organized by the Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, The Movement Disorder Society, Universidad Popular Autonoma de Puebla, and Universidad Mesoamericana. Faculty included Dr. Leopoldo Rivera Castaño, President of the Mexican Academy of Neurology; Dr. Horacio Senties, Secretary of the Mexican Academy of Neurology; Dr. Ulises Rodriguez Ortiz, Movement Disorders Coordinator of the Mexican Academy of Neurology; and Dr. Mario Alonso Vanegas, Chief of Functional Surgery at the Instituto Nacional de Neurologia y Neurocirugia MVS, Cd. de Mexico.
This was the second MDS Ambassador Program held in Mexico. The first program in 2008 featured MDS Ambassador Dr. Stanley Fahn, who lectured at the Mexican Academy of Neurology meeting in Puerto Vallarta.
This year’s MDS Ambassador, Dr. Irene Litvan, shared very helpful information about the diagnoses of the various parkinsonian disorders including a specific lecture on progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and multiple system atrophy. She stressed that Parkinson’s disease is over-diagnosed. The Congress participants learned to diagnose other forms of Parkinsonism, like PSP, without the presence of restriction in the vertical gaze. She emphasized the importance of the clinical diagnosis, and need of paraclinical testing. The video cases she showed were very illustrative. As faculty, Dr. Litvan had the opportunity to visit the sites and taste the flavors of Puebla.
The Seminar’s focus was on Parkinson’s disease. Follow-up seminars will be held on this topic each month at Mesoamericana University. The first day of the Seminar started with the phenomenology in Movement Disorders. Dr. Enriquez Coronel showed videos of patients with a variety of movement disorders. Further presentations by neurologists from Puebla and Tlaxcala City discussed the genetics of Parkinson’s disease, diagnosis and management of Huntington’s disease, chorea, tremor, dystonia, Meige’s syndrome, Wilson’s disease, Tourette syndrome, myoclonus, and ataxias.
The 4th Seminar of Parkinson in Puebla was organized by Dr. Nicolas Rene Moreno Navarro, Mtra. Claudia Medina Navarro, Dr. Ulises Rodriguez Ortiz, Gustavo Gonzalez Gonzalez, a student of BUAP Faculty Medicine, and Margarita Davila Baez.
This is the only annual seminar on Movement Disorders. We are grateful to The Movement Disorder Society, Dr. Irene Litvan and Ms. Hope Wallace for their responsibility, work and dedication to furthering the education on Movement Disorders. The meeting was also sponsored by TEVA, Boehringer Ingelheim Mexico, and Merz Pharmaceutical.
Contributed by Guillermo Enriquez Coronel, MD
Cebu City, Philippines
Greetings to MDS from the Movement Disorders Society of the Philippines (MDSP). We thank you for having officially accepted us into your folds as an MDS Affiliate Society.
Allow us to highlight the 1st MDSP national convention that focused on the indigenous disorder present in our The Philippines - DYT3 dystonia or X-linked Dystonia-Parkinsonism (XDP, also referred to as Lubag Disease).
XDP has been recognized for many years, but, for obvious lack of resources, research has been slow, in spite of the efforts of project leader (Dr. Lillian Lee) to circumvent the problem by collaborating with outside institutions. The MDSP feels that it is our responsibility to be keenly aware of the plight of XDP patients, and hopefully garner some outside interest for support in its research projects. Indeed the MDS, through the Asian-and-Oceanian-Section (MDS-AOS), provided a platform for this worthy cause by granting support to this national meeting, held in Cebu City, Philippines from November 18-19, 2009.
Dubbed "Movement Disorders in Focus," this educational activity was held in tandem with the annual scientific conventions of the Philippine Neurological Association (PNA) and the Child Neurology Society of the Philippines (CNSP). We aimed to educate and learn amongst ourselves the current state of XDP researches, amidst a panel of invited international Movement Disorder specialists and Filipino experts alike. The flavor of the meeting was capped by the presence of MDS President, Prof Phillip Thompson, who delivered the PNA Gilberto Gamez Memorial Lecture and participated through the MDS Ambassador Program.
Contributed by Raymond L. Rosales, MD, PhD, FPNA, FPPA
and Roland Dominic Jamora, MD, FPNA
November 15-18, 2009
On November 15-18, 2009, the MDS Ambassador Program sponsored Michel Gonce, Belgium and James Bower, United States, to attend the First Bamako Neurosciences Congress in Bamako Mali. Bamako is the capital city of Mali, a country in West Africa. Currently in Mali, with a population of 13 million people, there are six neurologists, all located in Bamako. These neurologists received their training outside Mali, as Mali does not currently have a Neurosciences Program of its own. The Congress was organized with the leadership of Prof. Moussa Traoré, President of the University of Bamako.
All Congress activities were held at the International Conference Center in Bamako. The Opening Ceremony was presided over by the Prime Minister of Mali: Representative President of the Republic, Head of the State. Other figures present included the Malian Minister of Health and Malian Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research.
The Congress was divided into Plenary Sessions and Parallel Sessions taking place over three days. During the Abnormal Movements Session, Dr. Gonce lectured on, "Clinical Aspects and Physiopathology of Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome" and Dr. Bower lectured on "Overview of Gait Disorders." Dr. Gonce also presented a series of video cases. At the end of Dr. Gonce's presentation, he held a quiz in which three prizes were awarded. Additionally, during the Congress, Dr. Gonce lectured on "Treatment of Parkinson's Disease" and Dr. Bower lectured on "Neuroepidemiology in Africa." Both doctors' lectures were exceptionally well-received and they have been invited to return for future Congresses.
Over 250 delegates were in attendance from the following countries: Mali, Gabon, Burkina Faso, Benin, Togo, Djibouti, Morocco, France and Cuba. Prof. Traoré noted, "The Congress is a tremendous opportunity for Senior Neurologists in Africa to strengthen their expertise in a field as specialized, evolving and stimulating as the field of Neurosciences."