Developing World Education Program

Past Program Reports

Read below past activity reports of the Developing World Education Program (formerly the AOS Educational Course Sponsorship Program and the ES Fund for Underserved Areas)

The Basic Movement Disorders Course - Chiang Mai, Thailand

February 8, 2013

Although the Planning Committee for the Basic Movement Disorder Course expected about 100 participants, 230 health professionals registered for the one-day course at the Maharaj Nakhon Chiang Mai Hospital on 8 February 2013. The day was structured around the core syllabus of MDS to cover the basic issues faced by medical doctors as they respond to the needs of their patients with unusual and pathological patterns of movement disorders.

Fortunately, the Planning Committee was prepared for success and 200 registration packetswere available for distribution. The registration packets included: The Program; The MDS Basic Movement Disorders Syllabus; The Post Meeting Evaluation Form; The  Educational Needs Survey of the Movement Disorder Society – Asian and Oceanian Section; the Thai PD MDS membership registration form, The MDS brochure; The AOS Ed Needs Assessment Survey Template; A compact disk, “Clinical Practice Guidelines for Diagnosis and Management of Parkinson’s Disease”; the Program-at-a-glance of the 17th International Congress of Parkinson’s Disease and Movement disorders in Sydney, Australia, 16-20 June, 2013; a Knowledge of PD Survey and a pen and notebook.

The Opening Session included words of welcome from Dr. Roongroj Bhidayasiri as the president of the Thai PD MDS, Dr. Nima Asgari-Jirhandeh of the World Health Organization, a co-sponsor, Dr. Ruey-Meei Wu as the chair of the AOS-MDS executive committee, and Dr. Siwaporn Chankrachang on behalf of the local host. In addition to presentations by experts in their respective areas of specialty from Thailand, those attending heard presentations by Dr. Ruey-Meei Wu of Taiwan on the Etiology and Diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease and by Dr. Louis C.S. Tan from Singapore on Tremor. Each of the eight presentations was followed by a question-and-answer period which proved to be lively features of the day and demonstrated the high level of interest in the topics.

The highlight of the day for many was the VDO Movement Disorder Quiz which presented a video of a typical patient with a specific movement disorder and a range of options from which to select the correct diagnosis. The responses indicated a high level of awareness of the diagnostic criteria and the complexity of achieving an accurate differential diagnosis.

This was a significant event for several reasons: It was the first regional training event that focused exclusively on movement disorders. The 215 participants from Thailand were joined by 6 doctors from Myanmar and 9 from Lao P.D.R., making this a truly regional event. The level of interest demonstrated by the unexpectedly high attendance and active participation in the meeting encouraged planning for the development of a regional network of medical staff interested in additional training resources on movement disorders. So this meeting has the potential to become the beginning of an on-going regional effort to improve the diagnosis and treatment of movement disorders. As part of this strategy, copies of Movement Disorders: A Video Atlas were distributed as a resource for continuing education and a survey was conducted to assess areas of particular interest for future training initiatives.

At the conclusion of the course, Dr. Roongroj Bhidayasiri, President of the Thai Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorder Society noted that this one-day course was the beginning of a regional network of movement disorder clinicians and helped prepare for the Asia and Oceania Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Congress (AOPMC) to be held in Thailand in 2014.

Co-sponsored by MDS, WHO, the Northern Neuroscience Center and the Thai Parkinson’ Disease and Movement Disorder Society, additional support was provided by pharmaceutical companies in Thailand, including B.L. Hua & Co., Ltd.; STADA Asiatic Co. Ltd.; Roche Thailand Ltd.; Glaxo SmithKline (Thailand) Limited; Diethelm Company Limited; Medtronic (Thailand) Limited; Abbott Laboratories Ltd.; Boehringer Ingelheim (Thai) Ltd.; and Novartis (Thailand) Co. Ltd.

Prepared by: Roongroj Bhidayasiri, MD, FRCP.
President, Thai Parkinson’s Disease & Movement Disorders Society

Movement Disorders Teaching Course in Myanmar, Supported by the MDS Developing World Education Program (DWEP) – Mandalay

December 26, 2012

A one-day teaching course on Movement Disorders was held in Mandalay, Myanmar on 26 December 2012, under the auspices of the Myanmar Medical Association, Myanmar Neurological Association, ASEAN Neurological Association and the Movement Disorder Society (MDS). The event was coordinated by Prof. Tin Htar Nwe (local organizing chairperson) and Dr. Lim Shen-Yang (course director), and supported by the MDS under the Developing World Education Program (DWEP).

170 people, including senior and junior Myanmar neurologists, general physicians, students from various postgraduate programs (Doctorate in Neurology, Master in Internal Medicine, Master in Paediatrics and Master in Psychiatry), general practitioners and other enthusiastic young doctors, attended the course. Faculty members comprised Movement Disorders experts from the ASEAN region: Dr. Apichart Pisarnpong (Thailand), Dr. Lim Shen-Yang (Malaysia), Dr. Lim Thien Thien (Malaysia) and Dr. Prakash Kumar (Singapore). Members of the local neurology community also contributed presentations.

Lecture topics, covered in half-hour sessions, included: “Parkinson’s disease - Early stage”, “Advanced Parkinson’s disease”, “Atypical parkinsonism”, “Dystonia”, “Athetosis, hemiballismus & chorea”, “Tremor” and “Interesting/Unusual movement disorders”. Many videos were shown and there was good participation from the audience.

The event was a great success and helped to improve participants’ knowledge and skills in Movement Disorders in a region currently still facing limited access to subspecialty resources. The organizers are grateful to the speakers for their time and efforts, and to the MDS and industry partners (Sun Pharma, UCB and SML) for financial and logistical support. The speakers received very generous hospitality from the local hosts and would like to record sincere thanks to their Myanmar friends and colleagues.

Report contributed by Dr. Lim Shen-Yang and Prof. Tin Htar Nwe

AOS Educational Course on Movement Disorders
Vadodara, Gujarat, India

November 11th, 2012

An Educational Course on Movement Disorders was organized at Vadodara, Gujarat, India on the 2nd of December in association with The Movement Disorder Society-Asian and Oceanian Section. Movement Disorder experts from various states in India jointly conducted the course. This course was coordinated by Prof. Madhuri Behari, Professor and Head of Department, Dept. of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.

The faculty comprised Prof. Madhuri Behari (New Delhi), Dr. Kalyanbrata Bhattacharya (Kolkata), Dr. Pettarusp Wadia (Mumbai) and Dr. Charulata Sankhla (Mumbai).

The purpose of the course wasto generate interest in the field of Movement Disordersand to educate physicians in diagnosis and treatment of common movement disorders. The format included educative lectures on movement disorders with videos bought by the faculty. It covered the entire spectrum of Parkinson's disease and a variety of hyperkinetic movement disorders.  Inaddition there were 3 separate interactive video sessions also.

This CME was very well received and there was an active participation of the delegates till the end. There were about 140 delegates and the audience included clinicians, psychiatrists, pediatricians and medical students.  All the participants received 3 credit points by the Gujarat Medical Council for the CME.

I would like to like to sincerely thank The Movement Disorder Society-Asian and Oceanian Section for their constant cooperation and support to make this event a success.

Dr. Rakesh Shah - December 6th, 2012

CME on Movement Disorders
Jaipur, India

November 4th, 2012

A CME on movement disorders was organized at Jaipur on 4th November, 2012 as basic education course under the auspices of  Movement Disorder Society-Asian and Oceanian Section by Dr. Anjani Kumar Sharma (organizing secretary) and Dr. R K Sureka (co-organizing secretary), faculty of  SMS Medical College, Jaipur.

Dr. Madhuri Behari (Professor and Head, Department of Neurology, All Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi) was the course director. The faculty comprised of eminent International and National movement disorder specialists including Dr. H. Mochizuki, Dr. Vinay Goyal, Dr. Garima Shukla, Dr. Pramod Pal, Dr. Uday Muthane, Dr. P. Wadia and Dr. Hrishikesh Kumar. 

The course enjoyed very good participation from practicing neurologists, physicians, psychiatrists, pediatricians, and resident doctors from Jaipur and other parts of Rajasthan. A total of 128 delegates were registered for the course which included 26 neurologists, 21 neurology trainees, 7 neurosurgeons, 11 psychiatrists, 56 physicians and 7 pediatricians.

The CME covered almost the complete spectrum of the movement disorders, including tremor, myoclonus, dystonia, sleep associated movement disorders, psychogenic movement disorders and use of botulinum toxin in movement disorders. One full session was dedicated to Parkinson’s disease, including diagnosis and differential diagnosis of PD, management of early and advanced Parkinson’s disease, drug induced Parkinsonism and role of DBS in Parkinson’s disease. The lectures were very well backed up with explanatory videos. In the end, an interactive video session was held which included video presentations on various movement disorders by Neurology trainees from S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur and the faculty. Slides related to various education programmes of MDS were also displayed.

The course was very much interactive and witnessed many thought provoking discussion between the faculty and the participants. It proved to be very helpful in creating a better understanding of the different aspects of various movement disorders right from the basic sciences to advanced clinical management. This initiative will definitely generate greater interest and create more awareness regarding movement disorders, especially in the neurology trainees, physicians and psychiatrists.

The organizers express their gratitude towards The Movement Disorder Society-Asian and Oceanian Section for their support and cooperation.

Submitted by Dr. Anjani Kumar Sharma, Professor , Department of Neurology, S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur, India

New Delhi, India

October 26-27, 2012
Course report coming soon.

Odessa, Ukraine

May 18-19, 2012
Course report coming soon.

AOS Educational Course on Movement Disorders
Guwahati, Assam, India

February 18-20, 2011

An Educational Course on Movement Disorders was organized at GNRC Hospitals, Guwahati, Assam, India, on the 18th, 19th and 20th of February, 2011, in association with The Movement Disorder Society-Asian and Oceanian Section. Experts from China, Japan, and India jointly conducted the course.

The faculty comprised Prof. Yoshikuni Mizuno (Tokyo, Japan), Prof. Shu Leong Ho (Hong Kong, China), Prof, Rupam Borgohain (Hyderabad, India) and Dr. Vinay Goyal (New Delhi, India).

The purpose of the course was to enhance and develop the study and practice of medicine and research related to Movement Disorders. The format included educative lectures on movement disorders profusely interspersed with elegant and explanatory videos bought by the faculty. It covered the entire spectrum of Parkinson's disease and Movement Disorders from basic science to clinical practice.

The three-day educational and scientific event was very well received in the Northeastern region of India. The audience of the CME included clinicians, health professionals, researchers as well as medical students with interest in movement disorders right from its beginning to the end. The course was interactive and the participation by delegates very encouraging. The participants were greatly benefited by the course wherein the purpose of improving quality of life and care of the patients with movement disorders was served.

The course organizers would like to acknowledge their deeply felt gratitude to The Movement Disorder Society-Asian and Oceanian Section for their constant cooperation and support to make this event a success.

Dr. Nomal Chandra Borah - February 24, 2011

Movement Disorders and Sleep
Braşov, Romania

November 26-27, 2010

The 2nd Movement Disorders Teaching Course, Movement disorders and sleep, organized by The Movement Disorder Society and Transilvania University was held in Braşov, Romania on November 26-27, 2010. This Teaching Course was held in the Aula of Transilvania University and was attended by more than 400 registered participants (staff physicians, residents, medical students). We provided free registration for residents and medical students. The aims of the course were to: 1) Recognize the main types of movement disorders; 2) Recognize motor problems during sleep; 3) List evaluation techniques of patients with excessive daytime sleepiness.

Participating faculty were : Angelo Antonini (Venice, Italy); Claudia Trenkwalder (Kassel, Germany); Sevasti Bostantjopoulou (Thessaloniki, Greece); Miguel Coelho (Lisbon, Portugal); Carlo Colosimo (Rome, Italy); Erik Wolters (Amsterdam, The Netherlands); Aviv Goldbart (Beer-Sheva, Israel); Joke Jaarsma (Amsterdam, The Netherlands); Ray K Chaudhuri (London, UK); Mihaela Teodorescu (Wisconsin, USA); Per Odin (Bremerhaven, Germany); Luiza Spiru (Bucharest, România); Sorin Tuţă (Bucharest, România); and Cristian Falup-Pecurariu (Braşov, România).

Lectures covered topics like pre-motor phase of PD, phenomenology of movement disorders (with videos), depression, dementia and sleep disorders in PD, REM sleep behavior disorders and neurodegeneration, excessive daytime sleepiness in PD. Other important topics were diagnosis of restless legs syndrome, treatment of RLS, neuroimaging and non-motor symptoms. There was an interactive video session case quiz as well. The feedback from audience and faculty was positive.

Participants received 12 points according to the Romanian College of Physicians for continuing medical education.

On behalf of the local organizing committee I would like to thank to The Movement Disorder Society for its support. It was an excellent opportunity for young neurologists and residents from related specialities and medical students as well to learn motor problems during sleep.

Dr. Cristian Falup-Pecurariu, Course Director - March 2011

AOS Educational Summit
Kerala, India

August 27-29, 2010

The Asian and Oceanian Movement Disorder Educational Summit - 2010 was held at Kannur Medical College and Super Specialty Hospital, Anjarakandy, Kerala from August 27– 29, 2010. The summit was organized by the James Parkinson's Movement Disorder Research Centre and sponsored by The Movement Disorder Society-Asian and Oceanian Section. Sessions were attended by over 200 delegates, both national and international, who benefited from many renowned speakers known for their contributions in the field of movement disorders.

 The program was inaugurated on the evening of August 27th by Dr. K Mohandas, Vice Chancellor, Kerala University of Health and Allied Sciences and was presided over by Mr. Abdul Jabbar, Chairman, Prestige Educational Trust. The two-day educational summit which followed was coordinated by Prof. Madhuri Behari, Professor and Head of Department, Dept. of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.

The symposium presented seminars on various movement disorders by acclaimed speakers, including: Prof. Madhuri Behari, Prof. Kailash Bhatia (Institute of Neurology, London, UK); Dr. Victor Fung (Westmead Hospital, Westmead, Australia); Dr. Asha Kishore (Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical, Trivandrum, India); Dr. Uday Muthane (Parkinson's & Aging Research Foundation, Bangalore, India); and Dr. Sujith Ovallath (Kannur Medical College, Kerala, India).

The main topics discussed in the forum were:

• Approach to tremor and Dystonia; Chorea, tics and myoclonus – Prof. Kailash Bhatia.
• Recent Advances in the Management of Early Parkinson’s disease; Drug induced Movement Disorders – Dr. Victor Fung
• Management of advanced PD; Indications for Therapy with Botulinum Toxin – Prof. Madhuri Behari
• Parkinson Plus syndromes, Diagnosis and management; Deep Brain Stimulation, Indications & Outcome – Dr. Asha Kishore
• Restless leg syndrome; Wilson's disease – Dr. Uday Muthane
• Dopa responsive Dystonia – Dr. Sujith Ovallath

There were also interesting video presentations on various neurological cases, followed by interactive discussion between the faculty and audience. The three day long summit concluded with a workshop on Botulinum toxin by Dr. Madhuri Behari and Dr. Victor Fung.

The first ever Asian and Oceanian summit in the state of Kerala, India, not only enlightened the audience on different types of movement disorders, but also became a platform where the various queries and concerns of the audience were addressed by experts. The cultural events and the film organized by students of Kannur Medical College complemented the summit.

A video summary of the course is available at:

Movement Disorders in Focus
Cebu City, Philippines

November 18-19, 2009

Dubbed "Movement Disorders in Focus," this educational activity was held in  tandem with the annual scientific conventions of the Philippine Neurological Association (PNA) and the Child Neurology Society of the Philippines (CNSP). We aimed to educate and learn amongst ourselves the current state of XDP researches, amidst a panel of invited international Movement Disorder specialists and Filipino experts alike. The flavor of the meeting was capped by the presence of MDS President, Prof Phillip Thompson, who delivered the PNA Gilberto Gamez Memorial Lecture and participated through the MDS Ambassador Program. Read more.




Treatment of Parkinson's disease & Recognizing Hyperkinetic and Kypokinetic Movement Disorders
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

May 23, 2009

Treatment of Parkinson’s disease and Recognizing Hyperkinetic and Kypokinetic Movement Disorders was held on May 23, 2009. This one-day, stand-alone course addressed the diagnosis of Hyperkinetic and Hypokinetic movement disorders. The course also covered the medical and surgical treatment of PD, use of botulinum toxin in movement disorders, and movement disorder emergencies.

The feedback from the more than 100 participants was excellent and many highlighted the need for more of such programs in Vietnam. It was hosted by Professor Nguyen Thi Hung and invited MDS-AOS experts were Professors Neil Mahant, Le Minh, and Louis Tan.

Faculty (L to R): Neil Mahant, Daniel Truong,
Le Minh, Louis Tan and Nguyen Thi Hung



Non-Motor Symptoms in Parkinson's Disease
Braşov, Romania

April 3, 2009

The Non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease, organized by The Movement Disorder Society, was held in Braşov, Romania on April 3, 2009. This Teaching Course was held in the Aula of Transilvania University and was attended by 253 registered participants. We provided free registration for residents.

During a single busy day, established European experts on Parkinson's diseases (PD) taught the non-motor aspects of PD. The aims of the course were to describe the non-motor symptoms (NMS) in Parkinson's disease; explain the tools for evaluation of the NMS in PD; and discuss treatment objectives in NMS in PD.

Participating faculty were Amos Korczyn (Tel-Aviv, Israel); Ray Chaudhuri (London, UK); Pablo Martinez-Martin (Madrid, Spain); Joaquim Ferreira (Lisbon, Portugal); Sevasti Bostantjopoulou (Thessaloniki, Greece); Marcus Unger (Marburg, Germany); Lacramioara Perju-Dumbrava (Cluj-Napoca, Romania); and Luiza Spiru (Bucharest, Romania). The lectures topics included pre-motor symptoms in PD, dopaminergic non-motor symptoms and treatment, fatigue, dementia, depression, pain, dysautonomia, and sleep disorders in PD. Other important topics were the impact of the NMS on health-related quality of life, prevalence data of NMS in PD, measuring NMS in PD using the NMS questionnaire and scale. The video session presenting instructive cases was highly appreciated. Participants received 6 points by the Romanian College of Physicians for continuing medical education.

On behalf of the local organizing committee I would like to express my gratitude towards the support that The Movement Disorder Society provided for this important project and also to the great speakers that provided a wonderful educational day.

Dr. Cristian Falup-Pecurariu, Course Director - March 2009

8th Biennial Convention of the ASEAN Neurological Association (ASNA) & Neurosciences 2009
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

April 3, 2009

On April 3, 2009, MDS-AOS hosted a 1-day conjoined Movement Disorders course with the 8th Biennial Convention of the ASEAN Neurological Association (ASNA) & Neurosciences 2009, the 20th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Malaysian Society of Neurosciences.

Using didactic lectures with question and answer sessions and interactive video-based seminar, this intensive course covered the key aspects of movement disorders and provided an update on the various treatment options available today. Disorders covered included Parkinson’s disease, Wilson’s disease, Dystonia, Tics & Myoclonus, Huntington’s disease & Huntington look-alike syndromes, Psychogenic Movement Disorders, Gait disorders, and Movement Disorders emergencies.

Among the excellent faculty who participated in this event, MDS-AOS sponsored the speakers Professors Robert Iansek (Australia), Apichart Pisarnpong (Thailand) and Louis Tan (Singapore). There were over 150 participants from 10 countries attending this course at the conference. The delegates were those specializing primarily in Neurology, Movement Disorders, Geriatrics and General Medicine. This was the first time the ASNA and MDS collaborated on movement disorders education and positive feedback from delegates indicates that future opportunities of this kind will be well received.

More information on the ASNA can be found on their website.

Faculty (L to R): Lee Moon Keen, Samuel Easaw,
Christopher Chong Kang Tird, Yoshikuni Mizuno,
Santhi Datuk Puvanarajah, Robert Iansek, Louis Tan,
Raymond Rosales, Nguyen Thi Hung.


Movement Disorders: Pattern, Diagnosis and Causes
Ludhiana, India

January 30-31, 2009

The Movement Disorder Society – Asian Oceanian Section Educational Course was organized at Dayanand Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India on January 30th and 31st, 2010. The faculty for the course comprised Prof. Philip Thompson (Adelaide, Australia), Prof. Kapil Sethi (Georgia, United States), Prof. Madhuri Behari (New Delhi, India) and Dr. Mohit Bhatt (Mumbai, India).

The format of the course included didactic lectures on hypokinetic as well as hyperkinetic movement disorders profusely interspersed with elegant and exemplary videos bought by the faculty as well as live cases that were recruited locally. The Course concluded with a half-day workshop with live demonstrations of Botulinum toxin injections.

That the two-day educational and scientific event was very well received in the Northwestern region of India was clear by the fact that the meeting hall was packed full with delegates comprising neurologists and physicians and well as paramedics with interest in movement disorders right from its beginning to end. The course was interactive and the participation by delegates very encouraging. The enthusiastic participation is a clear indication of the popularity of movement disorders as a practicing branch of medicine in the region and underscores the need for organizing similar courses in different locations within the Asian-Oceanian Region.

The Course Organizers are extremely grateful to The Movement Disorder Society – Asian Oceanian Section for the generous support provided.

Contributed by Prof. Birinder Singh Paul
Course Director


Movement Disorder: From Basic to Clinical Update
Bandung, Indonesia

January 10-11, 2009

Aiming to improve regional clinician's knowledge about basic science, clinical assessment and management of movement disorder diseases, Movement Disorder Society (MDS) Asian & Oceanian Chapter jointly with Department of Neurology Hasan Sadikin Hospital Faculty of Medicine Padjadjaran University Indonesia hosted a teaching course "Movement Disorder: From Basic To Clinical Update."

The course was conducted in Bandung City on January 10th-11th, 2009. Three invited MDS experts Erle Chuen-Hian Lim MD (Singapore), Roongroj Bhidayasiri MD (Thailand) and Andrew Evans MD (Australia) together with Tan Siau Kuan MD (Indonesia) delivered wide range of topics in didactic lectures with question-answer, an interactive videos seminar, live patient demonstration with panel discussion by experts, video case presentations by participants and video quiz sessions. This first MDS sponsored teaching course in Indonesia was attended enthusiastically by a total of 267 participants, consisting of 222 Neurologists and 45 residents of Neurology from all regions of the country.

Contributed by Paulus Anam Ong, MD
Course Director


A Review of Parkinson's disease and Related Disorders
Nanchang, China

June 12, 2008

A CME course entitled as "A Review of Parkinson's Disease and Related Disorders" sponsored by the educational grant from the Asian and Oceanian Section of the MDS (AOS-MDS) was successfully held in Nanchang city, Jiangxi Province, China on June 12th, 2008. It was held as a satellite program in conjunction with the biennial conference of the Chinese Movement Disorder Society. Professors Tim Anderson and Barry Snow from New Zealand and local speaker Professor Shengdi Chen gave comprehensive talks on clinical features and diagnosis of PD, treatment options in PD, management of motor and non-motor features and complications in PD, and other forms of parkinsonism and their management. As part of the course, the speakers and audience had interactive discussions on more than 10 video cases of PD and their related disorders. The local organizer had arranged simultaneous oral translation carried out by 3 expert interpreters to Mandarin during the whole course.

About 85 neurologists and neurology trainees from almost 20 provinces across China took part in this education course. The course was very well received with very encouraging feedback from the audience. Among the comments, the most popular suggestion is that they hoped that the MDS will present more of such topics including the pathogenesis and differential diagnosis on PD and other forms of parkinsonism, and other movement disorders such as dystonia, tremor, RLS, myoclonus, chorea, and gait disorders.

Contributed by Professor Shengdi Chen


MDS-AOS Education Course
Varanasi, India

March 29-30, 2008

In an attempt to increase awareness of Movement Disorders among the clinicians as well as common people, The Movement Disorder Society - Asian & Oceanian section (AOS) sponsored the first two-day Educational Course on 29 & 30 March, 2008. Hosted by the Neurology Department of Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, it was attended by around 85 participants who included clinicians, neurologists, psychiatrists, physiotherapists and medical students. It was the first such Educational Course to be organised by AOS and the first to be held in this region of the country.

The educational course included update lectures and interesting video sessions which were presented by the invited faculty members comprising of Dr. Ruy Meei Wu from Taiwan, Dr. E.K. Tan from Singapore, Dr. Madhuri Behari from New Delhi, and Dr. S.K. Das from Kolkata. The highly informative & critical presentations made by the distinguished Faculty members have left deep impression on the minds of the keen participants present in the workshop. The first session included Examination of a patient of parkinsonism by Dr. S. K. Das and Dr. Behari's presentation which dealt with problems of advanced PD and their management. The session continued with Dr. E.K. Tan's lecture on presymptomatic diagnosis and genetics of Parkinsons Disease.

The second day consisted of lectures on dystonia by Dr. Wu and Dr. Das and an update on Tourette syndrome by Dr. E.K. Tan. Dr. Deepika Joshi presented diagnosis and management of Wilson's disease which was followed by discussions on various interesting cases and videos of essential tremor, spinocerebellar ataxia, dystonia, and more.

The final session covered hands-on training for Botulinum Toxin injections in the patients of focal dystonia and hemifacial spasm with brief information on Botulinum toxin provided by Prof. Behari.

This educational course provided a platform for the experts as well as the students for vivid discussions on various complicated issues pertaining to movement disorders. We hope to conduct another such course in the region in the near future.

Contributed by Dr. Deepika Joshi