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Journal CME

Journal CME 36.10: Increased Menopausal Age Reduces the Risk of Parkinson’s Disease: A Mendelian Randomization Approach

Length:60 MinutesCME Credits:1Release Date:Oct 22, 2021

Foundational / BeginnerJournal CME

Program Description

The Journal CME 36.10 article provided an investigation into the association between age at menopause and age at menarche with Parkinson's Disease risk using Mendelian randomization. 


  • Epidemiology & Environment
  • Parkinson Disease/Hypokinetic Movement Disorders


Cynthia D.J. Kusters, MD, PhD

Course Purpose

Journal CME highlights various articles covering relevant issues, developments and research topics in the area of movement disorders. Articles are selected from Movement Disorders, the official Journal of the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this activity learners will be able to:

1. Assess why Mendelian randomization approach was utilized in this study
2. Evaluate the relationship between sex hormones and the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease
3. Understand how previous study findings have provided inconsistent results in determining a possible association

Intended Audience

This activity is intended for physicians, fellows or other practitioners in the field of Movement Disorders with an emphasis on current practice trends.

Accreditation Credit

Accreditation Statement

This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME). The International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.


Credit Designation Statement

The International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society designates this education activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Method of Participation

Your chosen sessions must be attended in their entirety. Partial credit of individual sessions is not available. If you are seeking continuing education credit for a specialty not listed in the Accreditation Statement, it is your responsibility to contact your licensing/certification board to determine course eligibility for your board requirement.

Faculty Disclosure

All individuals in control of content for this activity are required to disclose all financial relationships with ineligible companies (as defined by the ACCME) over the last 24 months. Disclosure information is available below. All relevant financial relationships have been mitigated in advance of this program.

Sara Schaefe
rCourse Director
Nothing to Disclose

Veronica Santini
: Reviewer
Grant: Insightec, Biogen, Roche / Genentech

Cynthia D.J. Kusters
Nothing to Disclose

Kimberly C. Paul
: Author
Nothing to Disclose

Aline Duarte Folle
: Author
Nothing to Disclose

Adrienne M. Keener
: Author
Nothing to Disclose

Jeff M. Bronstein
: Author
Nothing to Disclose

Lars Bertram
Nothing to Disclose

Johnni Hansen
: Author
Nothing to Disclose

Steve Horvath
: Author
Nothing to Disclose

Janet S. Sinsheimer
: Author
Nothing to Disclose

Christina M. Lill
: Author
Nothing to Disclose

Beate R. Ritz
: Author
Nothing to Disclose

Staff Disclosure

MDS staff members involved with the planning, development, and review of the content for this activity have no relevant affiliations or financial relationships to disclose.

Hardware and Software Requirements

1. Active Internet connection (DSL or Cable). Dial-up connection will have constant buffering problem.
2. Compatible with Windows PC and MAC (256 MB of RAM or higher)
3. Activity is best viewed on Internet Explorer 9.0 or higher, Safari 5.0 or higher and Firefox 29.0 or higher
4. Adobe Flash Player 12.0 (or higher).
5. Adobe Reader to print certificate.

Contact Us

MDS Education


All individuals in control of content for this course are required to disclose all relevant financial relationships with commercial interests as defined by the ACCME.

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