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International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society
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Curriculum Track

MDS Curriculum Track: Pathophysiology of Dystonia

Length:10 HoursCME Credits:0Release Date:Dec 15, 2021

Expert / AdvancedCurriculum Track

Program Description

This MDS Curriculum Track "Pathophysiology of Dystonia" features 2 e-learning modules, 1 lecture, and 3 selected articles presented by global experts. This curriculum provides advanced-level content to expert-level learners. Upon conclusion of this course, learners are able to describe a variety of etiological factors leading to dystonia including idiopathic, genetic, and acquired cases. Additionally, learners will learn about the genotypic and phenotypic animal models that provide insight into the pathophysiological basis for dystonia. 


  • Hyperkinetic Movement Disorders


Features Courses, Lectures, and Resources by:

MDS Presidential Perspective Module: Functional Dystonia
Mark Hallet, MD - International Foundation of Clinical Neurophysiology, Bethesda, Maryland, USA

MDS Journal/Review Article: Phenomenology and Classification of Dystonia
Alberto Albanese, MD - Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rozzano Milan Italy

MDS Journal/Review Article: Nomenclature of Genetic Movement Disorders
Connie Marras et al., MD, PhD - Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Interactive Module: Drug Induced Movement Disorders: Acute Dystonia and Akathisia
Daniel Martinez- Ramirez, MD - Technologico de Monterrey, Monterrey, Neuvo Leon, Mexico

MDS Journal/Review Article: Animal Models for Dystonia
Wilson, Bethany K., BS - Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

MDS Virtual Congress 2020: Parallel Session 304: Update on Genetics of Dystonia
Patricia Maria Carvalho, PhD - Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Content Edited By:
Brian Berman

Content Curated By:
Abhimanyu Mahajan, Fabiana Colucci, Gabriela Figueiredo Pucci, Panagiotis Kassavetis, Mehri Salari, Anca Badoiu 


Course Purpose

The primary purpose of this program is to advanced-level content that provides the learner information regarding the pathophysiology of dystonia. 

Learning Objectives

At the completion of this curriculum track, participants will be able to: 

1. Describe the variety of etiological factors leading to dystonia including idiopathic, genetic, and acquired causes.

2. Evaluate the genotypic and phenotypic animal models that provide insight into the pathophysiological basis of dystonia.

3. Identify the anatomical and physiological abnormalities in dystonia that lead to its conception as a network disorder.

Intended Audience

The activity is intended for experienced and expert-level clinicians, researchers, and health professionals.

Hardware and Software Requirements

1. Active Internet connection (DSL or Cable). Dial-up connection will have constant buffering problem.

2. Compatible with Windows PC and MAC (256 MB of RAM or higher)

3. Activity is best viewed on Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome.

4. Adobe Flash Player 12.0 (or higher).

5. Adobe Reader to print certificate.

6. Allow ActiveX controls to run on your computer: If the yellow strip appears on the top of your web browser while running the Webcast, right click on it and select Allow blocked contents to run.

7. Turn the Pop-up blocker off: On the Tools menu, point to Pop-up Blocker, and then click Turn Off Pop-up Blocker

Contact Us

MDS Education

MDS Secretariat Liaison

Ericka Blackford

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