Collection of Articles on COVID-19 and Movement Disorders

Important information on SARS-CoV-2 Variant
Evidence suggests that the new virus variant spreads much more easily and may lead to a substantial increase of numbers in those countries where it is spreading, as in UK. Caution should be taken as the rapid Antigen test may not detect this variant. Currently the PCR is still efficient and detects the virus, but it needs to be observed further. Further information is included in the following articles:

Articles by Topic

COVID-19 Vaccine

Slideshow created by MDS SIC Committee

COVID-19 Vaccination for Persons with Parkinson’s Disease: Light at the End of the Tunnel?

Bloem, Bastiaan R.,Trenkwalder, Claudia, Sanchez-Ferro, Alvaroc, Kalia, Lorraine V., Alcalay, Roy, Chiang, Han-Linf, Kang, Un Jungg, Goetz, Christopher, Brundin, Patriki, Papa, Stella M.  Journal of Parkinson's Disease, vol. Pre-press, no. Pre-press, pp. 1-5, 2021

Overall Impact of COVID-19 on PD

COVID-19: An Early Review of Its Global Impact and Considerations for Parkinson's Disease Patient Care.
Bhidayasiri R, Virameteekul S, Kim JM, Pal PK, Chung SJ. J Mov Disord. 2020 May;13(2):105-114.

Impact of Prolonged Lockdown due to COVID-19 in Patients with Parkinson's Disease.
Prasad S, Holla VV, Neeraja K, Surisetti BK, Kamble N, Yadav R, Pal PK.Prasad S, et al. Neurol India. 2020 Jul-Aug;68(4):792-795.

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Parkinson's Disease: Hidden Sorrows and Emerging Opportunities
Edwards E, Carroll C.

Pathogenesis

Gut Microbiome Imbalance and Neuroinflammation: Impact of COVID-19 on Parkinson's Disease.
Follmer C.Follmer C. Mov Disord. 2020 Aug 21

Neuropathologic features of four autopsied COVID-19 patients.
Kantonen J, Mahzabin S, Mäyränpää MI, Tynninen O, Paetau A, Andersson N, Sajantila A, Vapalahti O, Carpén O, Kekäläinen E, Kantele A, Myllykangas L.Kantonen J, et al. Brain Pathol. 2020 Aug 6:10.1111/bpa.12889.

Special Collection: COVID-19 Resources

COVID-19 and selective vulnerability to Parkinson's disease.
Pavel A, Murray DK, Stoessl AJ.Pavel A, et al. Lancet Neurol. 2020 Sep;19(9):719.

COVID-19 and Parkinson's Disease: Shared Inflammatory Pathways Under Oxidative Stress
Chaudhry ZL, Klenja D, Janjua N, Cami-Kobeci G, Ahmed BY.

Is COVID-19 a Perfect Storm for Parkinson's Disease?
Brundin P, Nath A, Beckham JD.

The Possible Protective Role of α-Synuclein Against Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infections in Patients with Parkinson's Disease.
Ait Wahmane S, Achbani A, Ouhaz Z, Elatiqi M, Belmouden A, Nejmeddine M.Ait Wahmane S, et al. Mov Disord. 2020 Jun 9:10.1002/mds.28185.

May Parkinson's disease be a protective factor against CNS involvement by SARS-CoV2?
Spina Tensini F, Spina Tensini T, Franklin GL, Teive HAG.

PD as Manifestation of Long-COVID

Parkinson's Disease in the Era of a Novel Respiratory Virus Pandemic
Otero-Losada M, Kobiec T, Udovin L, Chevalier G, Quarracino C, Menéndez Maissonave C, Bordet S, Capani F, Perez-Lloret S.

Parkinsonism as a Third Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic?
Beauchamp LC, Finkelstein DI, Bush AI, Evans AH, Barnham KJ.Beauchamp LC, et al. J Parkinsons Dis. 2020 Sep 22.

A Post-COVID-19 Parkinsonism in the Future?
Boika AV. Mov Disord. 2020 May 12:

The Potential Role of SARS-COV-2 in the Pathogenesis of Parkinson's Disease.
Chaná-Cuevas P, Salles-Gándara P, Rojas-Fernandez A, Salinas-Rebolledo C, Milán-Solé A.Chaná-Cuevas P, et al. Front Neurol. 2020 Sep 17;11:1044.

The cognitive consequences of the COVID-19 epidemic: collateral damage?
Karen Ritchie  1   2 , Dennis Chan  3 , Tam Watermeyer  2   4

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infection and Parkinsonism: Is There Evidence for Concern?
Monje MHG, Martínez-Fernández R.

Can the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Cause Parkinson's Disease?
Achbani A, Sine H, Naciri A, Baba MA, Kharbach A, Bouchriti Y, Nejmeddine M.

Clinical Course of COVID In PD Patients

Outcome of Parkinson's Disease Patients Affected by COVID-19.
Antonini A, Leta V, Teo J, Chaudhuri KR. Mov Disord. 2020 Apr 29:

Predictors of COVID-19 outcome in Parkinson's disease.
Fasano A, Elia AE, Dallocchio C, Canesi M, Alimonti D, Sorbera C, Alonso-Canovas A, Pezzoli G.Fasano A, et al. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2020 Aug 13;78:134-137

COVID-19 in Parkinson's disease: what holds the key?
Sainz-Amo R, Baena-Álvarez B, Pareés I, Sánchez-Díez G, Pérez-Torre P, López-Sendón JL, Fanjul-Arbos S, Monreal E, Corral-Corral I, García-Barragán N, Martínez-Castrillo JC, Fasano A, Alonso-Cánovas A

Effects of COVID-19 on Parkinson's disease clinical features: a community-based case-control study.
Cilia R, Bonvegna S, Straccia G, Nico GA, Elia AE, Romito LM, Devigili G, Cereda E, Eleopra R. Mov Disord. 2020 May 25. doi: 10.1002/mds.28170.

Phenomenology and outcomes of in-patients with Parkinson's disease during COVID-19 pandemic.
Kobylecki C, Jones T, Lim CK, Miller C, Thomson AM.Kobylecki C, et al. Mov Disord. 2020 Jun 24:10.1002/mds.28205.

Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) among Patients at a Movement Disorders Center.
de Marcaida JA, Lahrmann J, Machado D, Bluth L, Dagostine M, Moro-de Casillas M, Bortan E, Kanchana S, Alberts M.de Marcaida JA, et al. Geriatrics (Basel). 2020 Sep 18;5(3):E54. doi: 10.3390/geriatrics5030054.

Acute hypokinetic-rigid syndrome following SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Méndez-Guerrero A, Laespada-García MI, Gómez-Grande A, Ruiz-Ortiz M, Blanco-Palmero VA, Azcarate-Diaz FJ, Rábano-Suárez P, Álvarez-Torres E, de Fuenmayor-Fernández de la Hoz CP, Vega Pérez D, Rodríguez-Montalbán R, Pérez-Rivilla A, Sayas Catalán J, Ramos-González A, González de la Aleja J.

Effects of COVID-19 on Parkinson's Disease Clinical Features: A Community-Based Case-Control Study.
Cilia R, Bonvegna S, Straccia G, Andreasi NG, Elia AE, Romito LM, Devigili G, Cereda E, Eleopra R.Cilia R, et al. Mov Disord. 2020 May 25:10.1002/mds.28170.

Rapid worsening in Parkinson's disease may hide COVID-19 infection.
Hainque E, Grabli D. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2020 May 8:S1353-8020(20)30117-6

An educational case series of Parkinson's disease during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Lo Monaco MR, Colacicco G, Marotta J, Bentivoglio AR; GEMELLI AGAINST COVID-19 group.Lo Monaco MR, et al. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2020 Sep 12:S0035-3787(20)30658-5. doi: 10.1016/j.neurol.2020.07.007.

COVID-19 in Parkinson's Disease Patients Living in Lombardy, Italy.
Fasano A, Cereda E, Barichella M, Cassani E, Ferri V, Zecchinelli AL, Pezzoli G. Mov Disord. 2020 Jun 2.

COVID-19: Implications for Sudden Death in Parkinson's Disease.
Fiorini AC, Fonseca MCM, Scorza CA, Finsterer J, Rodrigues AM, de Almeida AG, Scorza FA.Fiorini AC, et al. J Mov Disord. 2020 Aug 31.

COVID-19 case fatality and Parkinson's disease.
Zhang Q, Schultz JL, Aldridge GM, Simmering JE, Narayanan NS.Zhang Q, et al. Mov Disord. 2020 Sep 21. doi: 10.1002/mds.28325. Online ahead of print.

Myoclonus in COVID Patients

Myoclonus and COVID-19: A Challenge for the Present, a Lesson for the Future.
Latorre A, Rothwell JC.

Myoclonus in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Multicenter Case Series.
Anand P, Zakaria A, Benameur K, Ong C, Putman M, O'Shea S, Greer D, Cervantes-Arslanian AM

Reversible Myoclonus-Ataxia as a Postinfectious Manifestation of COVID-19.
Schellekens MMI, Bleeker-Rovers CP, Keurlings PAJ, Mummery CJ, Bloem BR.

Subcortical myoclonus in COVID-19: comprehensive evaluation of a patient.
Muccioli L, Rondelli F, Ferri L, Rossini G, Cortelli P, Guarino M

Diaphragmatic myoclonus due to SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Borroni B, Gazzina S, Dono F, Mazzoleni V, Liberini P, Carrarini C, Russo M, Pontolillo M, Vecchiet J, Onofrj M, Bonanni L.

Post-hypoxic myoclonus after COVID-19 infection recovery.
Ros-Castelló V, Quereda C, López-Sendón J, Corral I.

Opsoclonus myoclonus ataxia syndrome (OMAS) in the setting of COVID-19 infection.
Shah PB, Desai SD

Opsoclonus Myoclonus Ataxia Syndrome Related to the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19).
Sanguinetti S, Ramdhani RA.

Myoclonus and cerebellar ataxia following Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Dijkstra F, Van den Bossche T, Willekens B, Cras P, Crosiers D.

Generalized myoclonus in COVID-19.
Rábano-Suárez P, Bermejo-Guerrero L, Méndez-Guerrero A, Parra-Serrano J, Toledo-Alfocea D, Sánchez-Tejerina D, Santos-Fernández T, Folgueira-López MD, Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez J, Ayuso-García B, González de la Aleja J, Benito-León J.

Psychological / Psychiatric Issues in Movement Disorder Patients in the Era of COVID-19

The psychological impact of COVID-19 among a sample of Italian patients with functional neurological disorders: A preliminary study.
Nisticò V, Goeta D, Gambini O, Demartini B.

COVID-19: Review of a 21st Century Pandemic from Etiology to Neuro-psychiatric Implications.
Yamamoto V, Bolanos JF, Fiallos J, Strand SE, Morris K, Shahrokhinia S, Cushing TR, Hopp L, Tiwari A, Hariri R, Sokolov R, Wheeler C, Kaushik A, Elsayegh A, Eliashiv D, Hedrick R, Jafari B, Johnson JP, Khorsandi M, Gonzalez N, Balakhani G, Lahiri S, Ghavidel K, Amaya M, Kloor H, Hussain N, Huang E, Cormier J, Wesson Ashford J, Wang JC, Yaghobian S, Khorrami P, Shamloo B, Moon C, Shadi P, Kateb B. J Alzheimers Dis. 2020;77(2):459-504. doi: 10.3233/JAD-200831.

Incidence of Anxiety in Parkinson's Disease During the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic.
Salari M, Zali A, Ashrafi F, Etemadifar M, Sharma S, Hajizadeh N, Ashourizadeh H. Mov Disord. 2020 May

Synergy of pandemics-social isolation is associated with worsened Parkinson severity and quality of life
Subramanian I, Farahnik J, Mischley LK.

Management of PD in the Time of COVID

The Challenge of Managing Parkinson's Disease Patients during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Garg D, Dhamija RK. Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2020 Apr;23(Suppl 1):S24-S27.

Management of a Parkinson's disease patient with severe COVID-19 pneumonia.
Li J, Long X, Zhu C, Wang R, Hu S, Wang T, Li J, Lin Z, Xiong N.Li J, et al. Ther Adv Chronic Dis. 2020 Aug 11;11:2040622320949423

The impact of COVID-19 on access to Parkinson's disease medication.
Cheong JLY, Goh ZHK, Marras C, Tanner CM, Kasten M, Noyce AJ; Movement Disorders Society Epidemiology Study Group.Cheong JLY, et al. Mov Disord. 2020 Aug 28

Physical activity changes and correlate effects in patients with Parkinson's disease during COVID-19 lockdown.
Schirinzi T, Di Lazzaro G, Salimei C, Cerroni R, Liguori C, Scalise S, Alwardat M, Mercuri NB, Pierantozzi M, Stefani A, Pisani A.Schirinzi T, et al. Mov Disord Clin Pract. 2020 Jul 17

Mental Health, Physical Activity, and Quality of Life in Parkinson's Disease During COVID-19 Pandemic.
Shalash A, Roushdy T, Essam M, Fathy M, Dawood NL, Abushady EM, Elrassas H, Helmi A, Hamid E. Mov Disord. 2020 May 19:

Hoping for the best, planning for the worst: Palliative care approach to Parkinson disease during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Indu Subramanian, Christina L Vaughan.Indu Subramanian, et al. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2020 Oct 6:S1353-8020(20)30774-4. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2020.09.042. Online ahead of print.

Novel Outreach Program and Practical Strategies for Patients with Parkinsonism in the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Sennott B, Woo K, Hess S, Mitchem D, Klostermann EC, Myrick E, Savica R, Fleisher JE.Sennott B, et al. J Parkinsons Dis. 2020 Aug 6

Potential impact and challenges associated with Parkinson's disease patient care amidst the COVID-19 global pandemic.
Elbeddini A, To A, Tayefehchamani Y, Wen C.Elbeddini A, et al. J Clin Mov Disord. 2020 Aug 8;7:7.

Self-reported needs of patients with Parkinson's disease during COVID-19 emergency in Italy.
Schirinzi T, Cerroni R, Di Lazzaro G, Liguori C, Scalise S, Bovenzi R, Conti M, Garasto E, Mercuri NB, Pierantozzi M, Pisani A, Stefani A. Neurol Sci. 2020 Jun;41(6):1373-1375.

COVID-19 and Deep Brain Stimulation

Recommendations for Deep Brain Stimulation Device Management During a Pandemic.
Miocinovic S, Ostrem JL, Okun MS, Bullinger KL, Riva-Posse P, Gross RE, Buetefisch CM. J Parkinsons Dis. 2020 Apr 24.

Strategies to mitigate impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on patients treated with deep brain stimulation.
Kostick K, Storch EA, Zuk P, Blumenthal-Barby JS, Torgerson L, Yoshor D, Sheth S, Viswanathan A, Tarakad A, Jimenez-Shahed J, Goodman W, Lázaro-Muñoz G.Kostick K, et al. Brain Stimul. 2020 Oct 2;13(6):1642-1643.

Technical Solutions, Virtual Consultation

Telemedicine in Parkinson's Disease: How to Ensure Patient Needs and Continuity of Care at the Time of COVID-19 Pandemic. Miele G, Straccia G, Moccia M, Leocani L, Tedeschi G, Bonavita S, Lavorgna L; Digital Technologies, Web and Social Media Study Group of the Italian Society of Neurology.Miele G, et al. Telemed J E Health. 2020 Jul 13

Implementation of Telemedicine for Urgent and Ongoing Healthcare for Patients with Parkinson's Disease During the COVID-19 Pandemic: New Expectations for the Future.
Cubo E, Hassan A, Bloem BR, Mari Z; MDS-Telemedicine Study Group. J Parkinsons Dis. 2020 May 12

Parkinson's Disease Remote Patient Monitoring During the COVID-19 Lockdown.
Motolese F, Magliozzi A, Puttini F, Rossi M, Capone F, Karlinski K, Stark-Inbar A, Yekutieli Z, Di Lazzaro V, Marano M

Remote Administration of the MDS-UPDRS in the Time of COVID-19 and Beyond.
Schneider RB, Myers TL, Tarolli CG, Amodeo K, Adams JL, Jensen-Roberts S, Dorsey ER.Schneider RB, et al. J Parkinsons Dis. 2020 Jul 15.

Promoting Physical Activity via Telehealth in People With Parkinson Disease: The Path Forward After the COVID-19 Pandemic?
Quinn L, Macpherson C, Long K, Shah H.

Virtual Parkinson's Disease Support Groups in the COVID-19 Era: Social Connection in the Time of Social Distancing.
Subramanian I.Subramanian I. Mov Disord Clin Pract. 2020 Jul 10;7(6):739-740

Global survey on telemedicine utilization for movement disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Hassan A, Mari Z, Gatto EM, Cardozo A, Youn J, Okubadejo N, Bajwa JA, Shalash A, Fujioka S, Aldaajani Z, Cubo E; International Telemedicine Study Group.Hassan A, et al. Mov Disord. 2020 Aug 24.

E-Rehabilitation: One solution for patients with Parkinson's disease in COVID-19 era.
Srivastav AK, Samuel AJ.Srivastav AK, et al. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2020 Jun 4:S1353-8020(20)30130-9.

COVID-19 and Other Movement Disorders

Functional movement disorders in a patient with COVID-19.
Piscitelli D, Perin C, Tremolizzo L, Peroni F, Cerri CG, Cornaggia CM.Piscitelli D, et al. Neurol Sci. 2020 Jul 14:1-2.

Other Publications

Basal Ganglia Involvement and Altered Mental Status: A Unique Neurological Manifestation of Coronavirus Disease 2019.
Haddadi K, Ghasemian R, Shafizad M. Cureus. 2020 Apr 28;12(4):e7869.

Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, and Burden During the COVID-19 Pandemic in People with Parkinson's Disease in Germany. Zipprich HM, Teschner U, Witte OW, Schönenberg A, Prell T. J Clin Med. 2020 May 29;9(6):E1643

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