Gait Disorders

Contributed by Nir Giladi, MD
Director, Movement Disorder Unit
MD Unit, Department of Neurology
Tel Aviv, Israel


Click here to view videos depicting gait disorders (Members Only)

Gait disorders are a common and significant cause of reduced quality of life and independence. Falls are one of the most important consequences of gait disorders, but slow and insecure gait and ‘fear of falling’ also have great clinical significance.

Gait disorders can be classified according to the system responsible for the abnormal locomotion, according to the underlying disease associated with the abnormal gait or by its phenomenology. Parkinsonian gait disturbances may also be sub-classified as continuous (appearing whenever the patient walks) and episodic (lasting seconds).

Most gait disorders can be diagnosed and classified after obtaining a good history and a detailed physical and neurological exam. Detailed assessment with ambulatory gait monitoring devices or in a sophisticated gait laboratory are justified prior to surgery, to help document or identify impairments, subtle changes over time and therapeutic effects, and research.

Increased attention has recently been given to the cognitive aspects of gait. These also should be assessed as part of the routine evaluation of gait disturbances. Fall risk assessment is an essential part of the evaluation of a patient with gait disturbance including internal and external risk factors.

Treatment of gait disturbances should include an active intervention to decrease fall risk as well as medical, surgical and physical interventions which usually are given simultaneously.

Find reference(s) to gait disorders here:


Journal CME
Receive CME credit on a Journal article specific to gait disorders

Live Activities
Attend a conference related to gait disorders

International Congress

Search abstracts on PD submitted to the International Congress (Hong Kong)

Scientific Program
View the Final Program to find topics regarding PD at the International Congress (Hong Kong)

Teaching and Themed Courses
Order streaming content of the Teaching Courses or Themed Courses from past Congresses


2018 and 2019
Find conferences pertaining to gait disorders scheduled in 2018 and 2019

Supported and Endorsed Meetings
Find meetings supported and endorsed by MDS pertaining to gait disorders


Movement Disorders Journal
Find articles on gait disorders from the MDS Journal

Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
Movement Disorders Clinical Practice is an online journal committed to publishing high-quality, peer reviewed articles related to clinical aspects of movement disorders.

Video Library
Search for video on gait disorders in the Movement Disorders Journal supplements (Members Only)

Reviews & Position Papers
View collection of Evidence-Based Medicine reviews and task force papers published in the Movement Disorders Journal

Moving Along
Find articles on gait disorders in the Moving Along newsletter

Movement Disorders Books
Purchase books on gait from the bookstore



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